Coastal CarbonData Library and Atlas

Coastal Carbon Data Library and Atlas

One of the core activities of the Coastal Carbon Network (CCN) is to facilitate the stewardship of carbon data collected from tidal wetland habitats around the world. We do this by providing publishing services to the research community and maintaining a synthetic archive of open-source data, called the Coastal Carbon Data Library. This public resource is curated and maintained by CCN personnel, and continues to grow through contribution from the research community. Presently, the CCN Data Library contains more than 6700 sediment profiles from 64 countries across 60 years, and includes representation of Blue Carbon habitats such as marsh, mangrove, seagrass, and tidal freshwater wetlands.

The database is designed to both accommodate and standardize carbon data across the wide array of studies that have been or will be conducted across various tidal wetland habitats. The CCN strives for transparency with methods of data archival, quality control, and management. Read more about the database structure on our Community Resources Portal.


Coastal Carbon Atlas

This novel Blue Carbon tool enables users to explore, query, and download data from the Coastal Carbon Data Library.



CCN-assembled Data Publications

Data Product

Data Components

Last Updated

Cifuentes-Jara and Manrow-Villalobos (2023) Cifuentes-Jara, Miguel; Manrow-Villalobos, Marylin (2023). Dataset: Study of total economic valuation of the main services provided by mangroves in the Gulf of Chiriquí, Panama. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 9 November 2023
Shaw et al. (2023) Shaw, Timothy; Cahill, Niamh; Barbieri, G; Ashe, E; S. Khan, Nicole; Brain, M; et al. (2023). Dataset: Relative sea-level change and driving processes during the past ~4000 years in the Chesapeake Bay, U.S. Atlantic Coast. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 8 November 2023
Beers et al. (2023) Schile-Beers, Lisa M; Altieri, Andrew H.; Megonigal, J. Patrick (2023). Dataset: Mangrove, tidal wetland and seagrass soil carbon stocks along latitudinal gradients. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 23 October 2023
Costa et al. (2023) Costa, Matthew T.; Ezcurra, Exequiel; Ezcurra, Paula; Salinas-de-León, Pelayo; Turner, Benjamin L.; Leichter, James; et al. (2023). Dataset: Sediment depth and accretion shape belowground mangrove carbon stocks across a range of climatic and geologic settings.. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 12 July 2023
Rovai et al. (2023) Rovai, Andre; Twilley, Robert; Castaneda-Moya, Edward; Riul, Pablo; Cifuentes-Jara, Miguel; Manrow-Villalobos, Marilyn; et al. (2023). Dataset: Global controls on carbon storage in mangrove soils. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 11 January 2023
Morrissette et al. (2023) Morrissette, Hannah; Baez, Stacy K.; Schile-Beers, Lisa M; Bood, Nadia; Martinez, Ninon D.; Novelo, Kevin; et al. (2023). Dataset: National total ecosystem carbon stock for the mangroves of Belize. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 8 February 2023
Weston et al. (2022) Weston, Nathaniel B; Rodriguez, Elise; Donnelly, Brian; Solohin, Elena; Jezycki, Kristen; Demberger, Sandra; et al. (2022): Dataset: Recent Acceleration of Coastal Wetland Accretion Along the U.S. East Coast. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 7 October 2022
Allen et al. (2022) Allen, Jenny R.; Cornwell, Jeffrey C; Baldwin, Andrew H. (2022): Dataset: Contributions of Organic and Mineral Matter to Vertical Accretion in Tidal Wetlands across a Chesapeake Bay Subestuary. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 22 February 2022
Fell et al. (2021) Fell, Claire; Adgie, Therese; Chapman, Samantha (2021): Dataset: Carbon sequestration across Northeastern, Florida Coastal Wetlands. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset.

3 December 2021

Carlin et al. (2021) Carlin, Joseph; Oikawa, Patty Y.; Arias-Ortiz, Ariane; Kanneg, Sadie; Duncan, Theresa; Beener, Katya (2021): Dataset: Sedimentary organic carbon measurements in a restored coastal wetland in San Francisco Bay, CA, USA. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 1 November 2021
Arias-Ortiz et al. (2021) Arias-Ortiz, Ariane; Masqué, Pere; Paytan, Adina; Baldocchi, Dennis D. (2021): Dataset: Tidal and nontidal marsh restoration: a trade-off between carbon sequestration, methane emissions, and soil accretion. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 1 November 2021
Ensign et al. (2021) Ensign, Scott H.; Noe, Gregory B.; Hupp, Cliff R.; Skalak, Katherine J. (2021): Dataset: Head of tide bottleneck of particulate material transport from watersheds to estuaries. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Dataset. 13 January 2021
Piazza et al. (2021) Piazza, S.C., Steyer, G.D., Cretini, K.F., Sasser, C.E., Visser, J.M., Holm, G.O., Sharp, L.A., Evers, E., and Meriwether, J.R., 2021, Geomorphic and ecological effects of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on coastal Louisiana marsh communities: U.S. Geological Survey data release, 5 January 2021
St. Laurent et al. (2020) Laurent, Kari A. St.; Hribar, Daniel J.; Carlson, Annette J.; Crawford, Calyn M.; Siok, Drexel (2020): Dataset: Assessing coastal carbon variability in two Delaware tidal marshes. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  4 December 2020
Keshta et al. (2020) Keshta, Amr E.; Yarwood, Stephanie A.; Baldwin, Andrew H. (2020): Dataset: Soil Redox and Hydropattern control Soil Carbon Stocks across different habitats in Tidal Freshwater Wetlands in a Sub-estuary of the Chesapeake Bay. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  30 November 2020
Whigham et al. (2020) Whigham, Dennis; Holmquist, James R; Ogburn, Matthew B.; Goodison, Michael; McFarland, Liza; Megonigal, Patrick (2020): Dataset: 2015-2018 USA-MDA TMON Marsh Biomass Surveys. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  14 October 2020
Kauffman et al.  (2020) Boone Kauffman, J.; Giovannoni, Leila R.; Kelly, James; Dunstan, Nicholas; Borde, Amy; Diefenderfer, Heida; et al. (2020): Dataset: Carbon stocks in seagrass meadows, emergent marshes, and forested tidal swamps of the Pacific Northwest. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  11 August 2020
Sanborn and Coxson (2020) Sanborn, Paul; Coxson, Darwyn S. (2020): Dataset: Carbon data for intertidal soils and sediments, Skeena River estuary, British Columbia. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  15 June 2020
Lagomasino et al. (2020) Lagomasino, David; Corbett, D. Reide; Walsh, J.P. (2020): Dataset: Influence of Wind-Driven Inundation and Coastal Geomorphology on Sedimentation in Two Microtidal Marshes, Pamlico River Estuary, NC. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  27 March 2020
Nolte et al. (2020) Nolte, Stefanie (2020): Dataset: Does livestock grazing affect sediment deposition and accretion rates in salt marshes?. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  20 March 2020
Buffington et al. (2020) Buffington, Kevin; Janousek, Christopher; Thorne, Karen; Dugger, Bruce (2020): Dataset: Carbon stocks and accretion rates for wetland sediment at Miner Slough, Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  19 March 2020
Messerschmidt et al. (2020) Messerschmidt, Tyler C.; Kirwan, Matthew L. (2020): Dataset: Soil properties and accretion rates of C3 and C4 marshes at the Global Change Research Wetland, Edgewater, Maryland. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  3 March 2020
Vaughn et al. (2020) Vaughn, Derrick; Bianchi, Thomas; Shields, Michael; Kenney, William; Osborne, Todd (2020): Dataset: Increased Organic Carbon Burial in Northern Florida Mangrove-Salt Marsh Transition Zones. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  2 March 2020
Peck et al. (2019) Peck, Erin; Wheatcroft, Robert; Brophy, Laura (2019): Dataset: Controls on sediment accretion and blue carbon burial in tidal saline wetlands: Insights from the Oregon coast, U.S.A.. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  24 January 2020
Breithaupt et al. (2020) Breithaupt, Joshua L.; Smoak, Joseph M.; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Vaughn, Derrick; Sanders, Christian J.; Radabaugh, Kara R.; et al. (2020): Dataset: Increasing rates of carbon burial in southwest Florida coastal wetlands. The Smithsonian Institution. Dataset.  22 January 2020
Kemp et al. (2020) Kemp, Andrew C.; Sommerfield, Christopher K.; Vane, Christopher H.; P. Horton, Benjamin; Chenery, Simon; Anisfeld, Shimon; et al. (2020): Dataset: Use of lead isotopes for developing chronologies in recent salt-marsh sediments. figshare. Dataset. 16 January 2020
McTigue et al. (2020) McTigue, Nathan; Davis, Jenny; Rodriguez, Antonio; McKee, Brent; Atencio, Anna; Currin, Carolyn (2020): Dataset: Carbon accumulation rates in a salt marsh over the past two millennia. figshare. Dataset. 10 January 2020
Breithaupt et al. (2019) Breithaupt, Joshua L.; Smoak, Joseph M.; Sanders, Christian J.; Smith III, Thomas J. (2019): Dataset: Temporal variability of carbon and nutrient burial, sediment accretion, and mass accumulation over the past century in a carbonate platform mangrove forest of the Florida Everglades. figshare. Dataset. 20 December 2019
Coastal Wetland Elevation and Carbon Flux Inventory with Uncertainty, USA, 2006-2011 (Associated Paper here) Holmquist, J.R., L. Windham-Myers, B. Bernal, K.B. Byrd, S. Crooks, M.E. Gonneea, N. Herold, S.H. Knox, K. Kroeger, J. Mccombs, P.J. Megonigal, L. Meng, J.T. Morris, A.E. Sutton-grier, T. Troxler, and D. Weller. 2019. Coastal Wetland Elevation and Carbon Flux Inventory with Uncertainty, USA, 2006-2011. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. 17 December 2019
Thom (2019) Thom, Ronald M. (2019): Dataset: Accretion rates of low intertidal salt marshes in the Pacific Northwest. figshare. Dataset. 13 November 2019
Belshe et al. (2019) Belshe, E. Fay; Sanjuan, Jose; Leiva-Dueñas, Carmen; Piñeiro-Juncal, Nerea; Serrano, Oscar; S. Lavery, Paul; et al. (2019): Dataset: Modeling organic carbon accumulation rates and residence times in coastal vegetated ecosystems. figshare. Dataset. 01 November 2019
Abbott et al. (2019) Abbott, Katherine M; Quirk, Tracy; Delaune, Ronald D. (2019): Dataset: Factors influencing blue carbon accumulation across a 32‐year chronosequence of created coastal marshes. figshare. Dataset. 01 November 2019
Poppe and Rybczyk (2019) Poppe, Katrina L; Rybczyk, John M (2019): Dataset: Sediment carbon stocks and sequestration rates in the Pacific Northwest region of Washington, USA. figshare. Dataset. 24 October 2019
The Coastal Carbon Network - Below Ground Survey This is a web interface we designed with the goal of surveying best educated guesses on how key below ground plant traits and decay rates vary for tidal wetlands. The app uses a formal expert elicitation protocol and feedback will be pooled to inform the modeling effort of our soils working group. 21 October 2019
Boyd et al. (2019) Boyd, Brandon; Sommerfield, Christopher K.; Quirk, Tracy; Unger, Viktoria (2019): Dataset: Accretion and sediment accumulation in impounded and unimpounded marshes in the Delaware Estuary and Barnegat Bay. figshare. Dataset. 03 September 2019
Callaway et al. (2019) Callaway, John C.; Borgnis, Evyan L.; Turner, R. Eugene; Milan, Charles S. (2019): Dataset: Carbon sequestration and sediment accretion in San Francisco Bay tidal wetlands. figshare. Dataset. 03 September 2019
Doughty et al. (2019) Doughty, Cheryl; Langley, J. Adam; Walker, Wayne; Feller, Ilka C.; Schaub, Ronald; Chapman, Samantha (2019): Mangroves marching northward: the impacts of rising seas and temperatures on ecosystems at Kennedy Space Center. figshare. Dataset. 26 August 2019
The Coastal Carbon Atlas Use this web interface to visualize, query, and download data from the Coastal Carbon Clearinghouse. 22 February 2019
Tidal Wetland Soil Carbon Stocks for CONUS This dataset provides modeled estimates of soil carbon stocks for tidal wetland areas of the Conterminous United States (CONUS) for the period 2006-2010. 20 February 2019
Accuracy and Precision of Tidal Wetland Soil Carbon Mapping (associated paper here) Per-depth soil organic matter and carbon metrics, plant species identity, state of human impact, field and lab methodology, and metadata of 1534 soil cores 21 June 2018
Coastal National Greenhouse Gas Inventory: Report, Datasets, and Workflow Literature review, data, analysis, and report 9 December 2017


CCN-affiliated Publications

Malhotra, A., Todd-Brown, K., Nave, L. E., Batjes, N. H., Holmquist, J. R., Hoyt, A. M., ... & Vindušková, O. (2019). The landscape of soil carbon data: emerging questions, synergies and databases. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, 43(5), 707-719.

Rogers, K., Kelleway, J. J., Saintilan, N., Megonigal, J. P., Adams, J. B., Holmquist, J. R., ... & Woodroffe, C. D. (2019). Wetland carbon storage controlled by millennial-scale variation in relative sea-level rise.

Holmquist, J. R., Windham-Myers, L., Bernal, B., Byrd, K. B., Crooks, S., Gonneea, M. E., ... & Megonigal, J. P. (2018). Uncertainty in United States coastal wetland greenhouse gas inventorying. Environmental Research Letters, 13(11), 115005.

Holmquist, J. R., Windham-Myers, L., Bliss, N., Crooks, S., Morris, J. T., Megonigal, J. P., ... & Ferner, M. C. (2018). Accuracy and precision of tidal wetland soil carbon mapping in the conterminous United States. Scientific reports, 8(1), 9478.


Testimonials to Data Contribution


“The Coastal Carbon Research Coordination Network dataset has been invaluable in our recent research identifying global drivers of variability in coastal wetland carbon cycling. The Network’s dataset greatly complemented our own previous data collation efforts, filling important gaps in our record. The availability of a comprehensive and well-curated dataset allowed us to focus on the analysis and interpretation of data, deriving important new insights in global patterns of carbon storage.”

- Jeffrey Kelleway, Department of Environmental Sciences, Macquarie University

"The CCRCN database is a key cornerstone in accelerating the pace of discovery for coastal carbon cycling.  I recently downloaded version 1, and have begun analylzing it and intercomparing its features with other national and global sets on soil core characteristics. As it focuses only on soilcores from tidal wetland, it is the single largest and spatially explicit empirical dataset, globally, for populating carbon stock assessments or testing models across space and time. For coastal lands, it is an invaulable asset for scientists and managers alike.  The developers of the dataset and platform should be commended, as should the many community contributors who are fueling advances in science and practice by sharing their data."

"[The CCRCN administrators] are doing an amazing job at this organization and promoting inclusivity. I am floored by your intuition and abilities. You are the natural heirs to this community-building."

- Lisamarie Windham-Myers, U.S. Geological Survey


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