Staff Profile
Photo for Pat Neale

Biography

Research Interests

I study the effects of sunlight, especially ultraviolet radiation, on ecosystems and the environment.  I mainly work in freshwater and marine systems focusing on the responses of the smallest organisms in those systems, the plankton.  A long term project has been studying the effects of increased UV-B due to Antarctic ozone depletion on the productivity of the Southern Ocean which surrounds the Antarctic continent.  I also supervise the SI solar-radiation monitoring program which has been measuring UV-B radiation in Maryland since the 1970s compiling one of the longest records of spectral irradiance in the world. 

Publications

  • Smyth, Robyn L. ; Akan, Cigdem ; Tejada-Martínez, Andrés ; Neale, Patrick J. (2017). Quantifying phytoplankton productivity and photoinhibition in the Ross Sea Polynya with large eddy simulation of Langmuir circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (7) , 5545-5565. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2017JC012747
  • Neale, Patrick J. ; Thomas, Brian C. (2016). Solar Irradiance Changes and Phytoplankton Productivity in Earth's Ocean Following Astrophysical Ionizing Radiation Events. Astrobiology, 16 (4) , 245-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ast.2015.1360
  • Williamson, Craig E. ; Overholt, Erin P. ; Brentrup, Jennifer A. ; Pilla, Rachel M. ; Leach, Taylor H. ; Schladow, S. G. ; Warren, Joseph D. ; Urmy, Samuel S. ; Sadro, Steven ; Chandra, Sudeep ; Neale, Patrick J. (2016). Sentinel responses to droughts, wildfires, and floods: effects of UV radiation on lakes and their ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14 (2) , 102-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fee.1228
  • Sanders, Robert W. ; Cooke, Sandra L. ; Fischer, Janet M. ; Fey, Samuel B. ; Heinze, Adam W. ; Jeffrey, Wade H. ; Macaluso, Amy L. ; Moeller, Robert E. ; Morris, Donald P. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Olson, Mark H. ; Dean Pakulski, J. ; Porter, Jason A. ; Schoener, Donald M. ; Williamson, Craig E. (2015). Shifts in microbial food web structure and productivity after additions of naturally occurring dissolved organic matter: Results from large-scale lacustrine mesocosms. Limnology and Oceanography, 60 (6) , 2130-2144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.10159
  • Thomas, Brian C. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Snyder, Brock R. (2015). Solar Irradiance Changes and Photobiological Effects at Earth's Surface Following Astrophysical Ionizing Radiation Events. Astrobiology, 15 (3) , 207-220. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ast.2014.1224
  • Figueroa, F. L. ; Mercado, J. M. ; Beardall, J. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Montecino, V. ; Kromkamp, J. C. (2014). Introduction. Aquatic Biology, 22 , 1-4. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/ab00613
  • Fragoso, Glaucia Moreira ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Kana, Todd Milan ; Pritchard, Alicia Lynn. (2014). Kinetics of Photosynthetic Response to Ultraviolet and Photosynthetically Active Radiation in Synechococcus WH8102 (CYANOBACTERIA). Photochemistry and photobiology, 90 (3) , 522-532. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.12202
  • Kieber, David J. ; Miller, Gary W. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Mopper, Kenneth. (2014). Wavelength and temperature-dependent apparent quantum yields for photochemical formation of hydrogen peroxide in seawater. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 16 (4) http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4em00036f
  • Neale, Patrick J. (2013). Species Specific Responses to Combined Thermal-irradiance Stress in Microalgae - Each is to its Own. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 89 (4) , 822-823. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/php.12081
  • Neale, Patrick J. ; Pritchard, A. L. ; Ihnacik, R. (2013). UV effects on the primary productivity of picophytoplankton: biological weighting functions and exposure response curves of Synechococcus. Biogeosciences Discussions, 10 (12) , 19449-19484. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bgd-10-19449-2013
  • MacKay, M. D. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Arp, C. D. ; Domis, L. N. De Senerpont ; Fang, X. ; Gal, G. ; Joehnk, K. D. ; Kirillin, G. ; Lenters, J. D. ; Litchman, E. ; MacIntyre, S. ; Marsh, P. ; Melack, J. ; Mooij, W. M. ; Peeters, F. ; Quesada, A. ; Schladow, S. G. ; Schmid, M. ; Spence, C. ; Stokes, S. L. (2009). Modeling lakes and reservoirs in the climate system . Limnology and Oceanography, 54 (6) , 2315-2329. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2315
  • Miller, Harlan L., III. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Dunton, Kenneth H. (2009). Biological Weighting Functions for UV inhibition of photosynthesis in the Kelp Laminaria hyperborea (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 45 (3) , 571-584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8817.2009.00694.x
  • Moisan, T. A. ; Goes, J. ; Neale, Patrick J. (2009). Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids In Phytoplankton: Biochemistry, Physiology, and Optics. Marine Phytoplankton (119-143) Nova Science Publishers .
  • Fritz, Jennifer J. ; Neale, Patrick J. ; Davis, Richard F. ; Peloquin, Jill A. (2008). Response of Antarctic phytoplankton to solar UVR exposure: inhibition and recovery of photosynthesis in coastal and pelagic assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 365 (1) , 1-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps07610
  • Lantz, Kathleen ; Disterhoft, Patrick ; Slusser, James ; Gao, Wei ; Berndt, Jerry ; Bernhard, Germar ; Bloms, Sarah ; Booth, Rocky ; Ehramjian, James ; Harrison, Lee ; Janson, George ; Johnston, Paul ; Kiedron, Piotr ; McKenzie, Richard ; Kimlin, Michael ; Neale, Patrick J. ; O'Neill, Michael ; Quang, Vi V. ; Seckmeyer, Gunther ; Taylor, Thomas ; Wuttke, Sigrid ; Michalsky, Joseph. (2008). 2003 North American interagency intercomparison of ultraviolet spectroradiometers: scanning and spectrograph instruments. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 2 (1) , Art. no. 023547. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3040299

Pages