Staff Profile
Photo for Greg Ruiz

Biography

Greg is a marine ecologist with active research interests in invasion biology, biogeography, and ecology in coastal marine ecosystems.  He heads a research group of ~ 40 full-time biologists, based at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) laboratories, located on Chesapeake Bay and San Francisco Bay. Most of his research explores the patterns, mechanisms, and consequences of marine invasions at a multiple spatial and temporal scales. He conducts extensive comparative measurements and experiments among estuaries along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts for North America.  A Senior Scientist at SERC for over 25 years, Greg also is a Research Professor and founding co-director of the Aquatic BioInvasion Research and Policy Institute at Portland State University.  Greg has published over 140 scientific articles as author or coauthor, focusing primarily on marine invasion ecology and management. He began his career in California and has broad interests in marine biology and dynamics of coastal ecosystems. Greg holds a Ph.D. in zoology from University of California, Berkeley and a B.A. in aquatic biology from the University of California, Santa Barbara.  For additional information visit SERC’s Marine Invasion Research Laboratory website at http://invasions.si.edu/.
 
Selected Publications (of 140)
 

Ruiz, GM, Fofonoff PW, Steves BP, Carlton JT. 2015. Invasion history and vector dynamics in coastal marine ecosystems: a North American perspective.  Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management (in press).

Miller AW, Ruiz GM. 2014. Artic shipping and marine invaders. Nature Climate Change 4:413-416.

Freestone AL, GM, Ruiz, & ME Torchin. 2013. Stronger biotic resistance in tropics: Effects of predation on invasion dynamics across latitude. Ecology 94:1370–1377.

Ruiz GM, Fofonoff PW, Ashton G, Minton MS, Miller AW. 2013. Geographic variation in marine invasions among large estuaries: Effects of ships and time. Ecological Applications 23:311-320.

deRivera CE, Grosholz ED, Ruiz GM. 2011. Multiple and long-term impacts of an introduced marine predator. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 429:145-155 doi:10.3354/meps09101

Ruiz GM, Fofonoff PW, Steves B, Foss SF, Shiba SN. 2011. Marine invasion history and vector analysis of California: A hotspot for western North America. Diversity and Distributions 17:362-373.

Blakeslee AMH, Altman I, Miller AW, Byers JE, Hamer CE, Ruiz GM. 2012. Parasites and invasions: a biogeographic examination of parasites and hosts in native and introduced ranges. J. Biogeography 39:609-622.

deRivera CE, Ruiz GM, Hines AJ, Jivoff P. 2005. Biotic resistance to invasion: native crab predation limits the abundance and geographic distribution of an introduced crab. Ecology 86:3364-3376.

Ruiz GM, Rawlings TK, Dobbs FC, Drake LA, Mullady T, Huq A, Colwell RR.  2000.  Worldwide transfer of microorganisms by ships. Nature 408: 49-50.

Ruiz GM, Fofonoff PW, Carlton JT, Wonham MJ, Hines AH. 2000. Invasions of Coastal Marine Communities in North America: Apparent Patterns, Processes, and Biases. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 31: 481-531.

Ruiz GM, P Fofonoff, AH Hines, & ED Grosholz.  1999.  Nonindigenous species as stressors in estuarine and marine communities:  Assessing impacts and interactions.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 44:950-972.

Publications

  • Miller, A. Whitman, Ruiz, Gregory M., Minton, Mark S. and Ambrose, Richard F. (2007). Differentiating successful and failed molluscan invaders in estuarine ecosystems . Marine Ecology Progress Series, 332 , 41-51.
  • Rawlings, T. K., Ruiz, Gregory M. and Colwell, Rita R. (2007). Association of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor and O139 Bengal with the copepods Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora affinis . Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 73 , 7926-7933.
  • Ruiz, Gregory M. and Reid, D. F. . (2007). Current State of Understanding about the Effectiveness of Ballast Water Exchange (BWE) in Reducing Aquatic Nonindigenous Species (ANS) Introductions to the Great Lakes Basin and Chesapeake Bay, USA: Synthesis and Anaysis of Existing Information.
  • Santagata, S. and Ruiz, Gregory M. . (2007). Final report for the project 'Identifying, verifying, and establishing options for best management practices for NOBOB Vessels'. Great Lakes Protection Fund by University of Michigan, Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research .
  • Santagata, S. and Ruiz, Gregory M. . (2007). Final report for the project 'Identifying, verifying, and establishing options for best management practices for NOBOB Vessels'. Great Lakes Protection Fund by University of Michigan, Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research .
  • Bullard, S. G., Lambert, G., Carman, M. R., Byrnes, J., Whitlatch, Robert B., Ruiz, Gregory M., Miller, R. J., Harris, L., Valentine, P. C., Collie, J. S., Pederson, J., McNaught, D. C., Cohen, A. N., Asch, R. G., Dijkstra, Jennifer A. and Heinonen, K. (2006). Colonial ascidian Didemnum sp A: Current distribution, basic biology and potential threat to marine communities of the northeast and west coasts of North America. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 342 , 99-108.
  • Herwig, R. P., Cordell, J. R., Perrins, J. C., Dinnel, P. A., Gensemer, R. W., Stubblefield, W. A., Ruiz, Gregory M., Kopp, J. A., House, M. L. and Cooper, W. J. (2006). Ozone treatment of ballast water on the oil tanker S/T Tonsina: chemistry, biologiy and toxicity . Marine Ecology Progress Series, 324 , 37-55.
  • McGee, Steven, Piorkowski, R. and Ruiz, Gregory M. (2006). Analysis of recent vessel arrivals and ballast water discharge in Alaska: Toward assessing ship-mediated invasion risk. Marine pollution bulletin, 52 , 1634-1645.
  • Murphy, I., Ruiz, Gregory M., Dunsmuir, W. T. M. and Waite, T. D. (2006). Optimized parameters for fluorescence-based verification of ballast water exchange by ships. Environmental Science & Technology, 40 (7) , 2357-2362. https://doi.org/10.1021/es0519381
  • Carlton, James T. and Ruiz, Gregory M. (2005). Vector science and integrated vector management in bioinvasion cology: conceptual frameworks. Invasive alien species (36-58) Island Press .
  • Carlton, James T. and Ruiz, Gregory M. (2005). Magnitude and consequences of bioinvasions in marine ecosystems: implications for conservation biology. Marine conservation biology: the science of maintaining the sea's biodiversity (123-148) Island Press .
  • Choi, Keun Hyung, Kimmerer, Wim, Smith, George, Ruiz, Gregory M. and Lion, Kelly. (2005). Post-exchange zooplankton in ballast water of ships entering the San Francisco Estuary . Journal of Plankton Research, 27 , 707-714.
  • deRivera, C. E., Ruiz, Gregory M., Hines, Anson H. and Jivoff, Paul R. (2005). Biotic resistance to invasion: native crab predation limits the abundance and geographic distribution of an introduced crab . Ecology, 86 , 3364-3376.
  • deRivera, Catherine E., Ruiz, Gregory M., Crooks, Jeffrey A., Wasson, Kerstin, Lonhart, Steve I., Fofonoff, Paul W., Steves, Brian P., Rumrill, Steven S., Brancato, Mary Sue, Pegau, W. Scott, Bulthuis, Douglas A., Preisler, Rikke Kvist, Schoch, G. Carl, Bowlby, Ed, DeVogelaere, Anderw, Crawford, Maurice K., Gittings, Stephen R., Hines, Anson H., Takata, Lynn, Larson, Kristen J., Huber, Tami, Leyman, Anne Marie, Collinetti, Esther, Pasco, Tiffany, Shull, Suzanne, et al. . (2005). Broad-scale nonindigenous species monitoring along the west coast in National Marine Sanctuaries and National Estuarine Research Reserves . National Fish and Wildlife Foundation .
  • Jewett, E. B., Hines, Anson H. and Ruiz, Gregory M. (2005). Epifaunal disturbance by periodic low levels of dissolved oxygen: native vs. invasive species response . Marine Ecology Progress Series, 304 , 31-44.

Pages