Staff Profile
Emmett Duffy Photo

Biography

Emmett Duffy is Director of the Smithsonian’s Tennenbaum Marine Observatories Network, which coordinates the developing MarineGEO program. MarineGEO is building a worldwide partnership to administer an annual health exam for coastal marine life: documenting how and why coastal sea life is changing, and how that change affects resilience of the marine ecosystems humans depend on. The research focuses on biological diversity as the heart of healthy marine ecosystems and how they respond together to global change. Duffy is a marine biologist who has worked in seagrass and coral reef ecosystems around the world. He has contributed to scientific syntheses linking biodiversity to ecosystem health, the US National Climate Assessment, and visioning for development of an international Marine Biodiversity Observation Network. He was awarded an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowship in 2006, Japan’s inaugural Kobe Prize in Marine Biology in 2011, and a Virginia Outstanding Faculty award in 2013. Duffy came to the Smithsonian in 2013 after 19 years at the College of William and Mary’s Virginia Institute of Marine Science. 

Publications (Google Scholar)

Publications

  • Gross, Collin P. ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Hovel, Kevin A. ; Kardish, Melissa R. ; Reynolds, Pamela L. ; Bostrom, Christoffer ; Boyer, Katharyn E. ; Cusson, Mathieu ; Eklof, Johan ; Engelen, Aschwin H. ; Eriksson, Britas Klemens ; Fodrie, F. Joel ; Griffin, John N. ; Hereu, Clara M. ; Hori, Masakazu ; Hughes, A. Randall ; Ivanov, Mikhail V. ; Jorgensen, Pablo ; Kruschel, Claudia ; Lee, Kun-Seop ; Lefcheck, Jonathan ; McGlathery, Karen ; Moksnes, Per-Olav ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; O'Connor, Mary I. ; O'Connor, Nessa E. ; Olsen, Jeanine L. ; Orth, Robert J. ; Peterson, Bradley J. ; Reiss, Henning ; Rossi, Francesca ; Ruesink, Jennifer ; Sotka, Erik E. ; Thormar, Jonas ; Tomas, Fiona ; Unsworth, Richard ; Voigt, Erin P. ; Whalen, Matthew A. ; Ziegler, Shelby L. ; Stachowicz, John J. (2022). The biogeography of community assembly: latitude and predation drive variation in community trait distribution in a guild of epifaunal crustaceans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 289 (1969) http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.1762
  • Gagnon, Karine ; Gustafsson, Camilla ; Salo, Tiina ; Rossi, Francesca ; Gunell, Sonja ; Richardson, J. Paul ; Reynolds, Pamela L. ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Bostrom, Christoffer. (2021). Role of food web interactions in promoting resilience to nutrient enrichment in a brackish water eelgrass (Zostera marina) ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lno.11792
  • Hovel, Kevin A. ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Stachowicz, John J. ; Reynolds, Pamela ; Boström, Christoffer ; Boyer, Katherine ; Cimon, Stéphanie ; Cusson, Mathieu ; Fodrie, Fredrick J. ; Gagnon, Karine ; Hereu, Clara M. ; Hori, Masakazu ; Jorgensen, Pablo ; Kruschel, Claudia ; Lee, Kun‐Seop ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; O'Connor, Nessa E. ; Rossi, Francesca ; Ruesink, Jennifer ; Tomas, Fiona ; Ziegler, Shelby. (2021). Joint effects of patch edges and habitat degradation on faunal predation risk in a widespread marine foundation species . Ecology, , Article e03316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3316
  • Satterthwaite, Erin, V. ; Bax, Nicholas J. ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Ratnarajah, Lavenia ; Canonico, Gabrielle ; Dunn, Daniel ; Simmons, Samantha E. ; Carini, Roxanne J. ; Evans, Karen ; Allain, Valerie ; Appeltans, Ward ; Batten, Sonia ; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro ; Bernard, Anthony T. F. ; Bristol, Sky ; Benson, Abigail ; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi ; Gerhardinger, Leopoldo Cavaleri ; Chiba, Sanae ; Davies, Tammy E. ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Giron-Nava, Alfredo ; Hsu, Astrid J. ; Kraberg, Alexandra C. ; Kudela, Raphael M. ; Lear, Dan ; Montes, Enrique ; Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; O'Brien, Todd D. ; Obura, David ; Provoost, Pieter ; Pruckner, Sara ; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria ; Selig, Elizabeth R. ; Kjesbu, Olav Sigurd ; Starger, Craig ; Stuart-Smith, Rick D. ; Vierros, Marjo ; Waller, John ; Weatherdon, Lauren, V. ; Wellman, Tristan P. ; Zivian, Anna. (2021). Establishing the Foundation for the Global Observing System for Marine Life. Frontiers in Marine Science, 8 http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.737416
  • Yang, Bo ; Hawthorne, Timothy L. ; Hessing-Lewis, Margot ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Reshitnyk, Luba Y. ; Feinman, Michael ; Searson, Hunter. (2020). Developing an Introductory UAV/Drone Mapping Training Program for Seagrass Monitoring and Research. Drones, 4 (4) , 70-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/drones4040070
  • Bax, Nicholas J. ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Muller-Karger, Frank Edgar ; Allain, Valerie ; Appeltans, Ward ; Batten, Sonia Dawn ; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro ; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi ; Chiba, Sanae ; Costa, Daniel Paul ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Dunn, Daniel C. ; Johnson, Craig Richard ; Kudela, Raphael M. ; Obura, David ; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria ; Shin, Yunne-Jai ; Simmons, Samantha Elisabeth ; Tyack, Peter Lloyd. (2019). A Response to Scientific and Societal Needs for Marine Biological Observations . Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 , 395. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00395
  • Duffy, J. Emmett. (2019). Reefs need richness . Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3 (2) , 149-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0784-z
  • Duffy, J. Emmett ; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro ; Trinanes, Joaquin ; Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; Ambo-Rappe, Rohani ; Bostrom, Christoffer ; Buschmann, Alejandro H. ; Byrnes, Jarrett ; Coles, Robert G. ; Creed, Joel ; Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C. ; Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo ; Duarte, Carlos M. ; Edgar, Graham J. ; Fortes, Miguel ; Goni, Gustavo ; Hu, Chuanmin ; Huang, Xiaoping ; Hurd, Catriona L. ; Johnson, Craig ; Konar, Brenda ; Krause-Jensen, Dorte ; Krumhansl, Kira ; Macreadie, Peter ; Marsh, Helene ; McKenzie, Len J. ; Mieszkowska, Nova ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Montes, Enrique ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus ; Norlund, Lina M. ; Orth, Robert J. ; Prathep, Anchana ; Putman, Nathan F. ; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena ; Serrao, Ester A. ; Short, Frederick ; Pinto, Isabel Sousa ; Steinberg, Peter ; Stuart-Smith, Rick ; Unsworth, Richard K. F. ; van Keulen, Mike ; van Tussenbroek, Brigitta I. ; Wang, Mengqiu ; Waycott, Michelle ; Weatherdon, Lauren V. ; Wernberg, Thomas ; Yaakub, Siti Maryam. (2019). Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6 , UNSP 317-UNSP 317. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00317
  • Dornelas, Maria, Antao, Laura H., Moyes, Faye, Bates, Amanda E., Magurran, Anne E., Adam, Dusan, Akhmetzhanova, Asem A., Appeltans, Ward, Arcos, Jose Manuel, Arnold, Haley, Ayyappan, Narayanan, Badihi, Gal, Baird, Andrew H., Barbosa, Miguel, Barreto, Tiago Egydio, Baessler, Claus, Bellgrove, Alecia, Belmaker, Jonathan, Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro, Bett, Brian J., Bjorkman, Anne D., Blazewicz, Magdalena, Blowes, Shane A., Bloch, Christopher P., Bonebrake, Timothy C., et al. (2018). BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27 (7) , 760-786. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12729
  • Miloslavich, Patricia ; Bax, Nicholas J. ; Simmons, Samantha E. ; Klein, Eduardo ; Appeltans, Ward ; Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio ; Andersen Garcia, Melissa ; Batten, Sonia D. ; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro ; Checkley, David M. ; Chiba, Sanae ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Dunn, Daniel C. ; Fischer, Albert ; Gunn, John ; Kudela, Raphael ; Marsac, Francis ; Muller-Karger, Frank ; Obura, David ; Shin, Yunne-Jai. (2018). Essential ocean variables for global sustained observations of biodiversity and ecosystem changes. Global Change Biology, 24 (6) , 2416-2433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14108
  • Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Bax, Nicholas J. ; Simmons, Samantha ; Costello, Mark J. ; Pinto, Isabel Sousa ; Canonico, Gabrielle ; Turner, Woody ; Gill, Michael ; Montes, Enrique ; Best, Benjamin D. ; Pearlman, Jay ; Halpin, Patrick ; Dunn, Daniel ; Benson, Abigail ; Martin, Corinne S. ; Weatherdon, Lauren V. ; Appeltans, Ward ; Provoost, Pieter ; Klein, Eduardo ; Kelble, Christopher R. ; Miller, Robert J. ; Chavez, Francisco P. ; Iken, Katrin ; Chiba, Sanae ; Obura, David ; Navarro, Laetitia M. ; Pereira, Henrique M. ; Allain, Valerie ; Batten, Sonia ; Benedetti-Checchi, Lisandro ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Kudela, Raphael M. ; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria ; Shin, Yunne ; Geller, Gary. (2018). Advancing Marine Biological Observations and Data Requirements of the Complementary Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) and Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) Frameworks. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 , UNSP 211-UNSP 211. http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00211
  • Reynolds, Pamela L. ; Stachowicz, John J. ; Hovel, Kevin ; Boström, Christoffer ; Boyer, Katharyn ; Cusson, Mathieu ; Eklöf, Johan S. ; Engel, Friederike G. ; Engelen, Aschwin H. ; Eriksson, Britas Klemens ; Fodrie, F. J. ; Griffin, John N. ; Hereu, Clara ; Hori, Masakazu ; Hanley, Torrance ; Ivanov, Mikhail ; Jorgensen, Pablo ; Kruschel, Claudia ; Lee, Kun-Seop ; McGlathery, Karen ; Moksnes, Per Olav ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; O'Connor, Mary I. ; O'Connor, Nessa ; Orth, Robert J. ; Rossi, Francesca ; Ruesink, Jennifer ; Sotka, Erik ; Tomas, Fiona ; Unsworth, Richard K. F. ; Whalen, Matthew A. ; Duffy, J. Emmett. (2018). Latitude, temperature and habitat complexity predict predation pressure in eelgrass beds across the Northern Hemisphere. Ecology, 99 (1) , 29-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2064
  • Röhr, Maria Emilia ; Holmer, Marianne ; Baum, Julia K. ; Björk, Mats ; Chin, Diana ; Chalifour, Lia ; Cimon, Stephanie ; Cusson, Mathieu ; Dahl, Martin ; Deyanova, Diana ; Duffy, J. Emmett ; Eklöf, Johan S. ; Geyer, Julie K. ; Griffin, John N. ; Gullström, Martin ; Hereu, Clara M. ; Hori, Masakazu ; Hovel, Kevin A. ; Hughes, A. R. ; Jorgensen, Pablo ; Kiriakopolos, Stephanie ; Moksnes, Per-Olav ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; O'Connor, Mary I. ; Peterson, Bradley ; Reiss, Katrin ; Reynolds, Pamela L. ; Rossi, Francesca ; Ruesink, Jennifer ; Santos, Rui ; Stachowicz, John J. ; Tomas, Fiona ; Lee, Kun-Seop ; Unsworth, Richard K. F. ; Boström, Christoffer. (2018). Blue carbon storage capacity of temperate eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows . Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32 (10) , 1457-1475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018GB005941
  • Ruesink, Jennifer L. ; Stachowicz, John J. ; Reynolds, Pamela L. ; Boström, Christoffer ; Cusson, Mathieu ; Douglass, James ; Eklöf, Johan ; Engelen, Aschwin H. ; Hori, Masakazu ; Hovel, Kevin ; Iken, Katrin ; Moksnes, Per-Olav ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; O'Connor, Mary I. ; Olsen, Jeanine L. ; Sotka, Erik E. ; Whalen, Matthew A. ; Duffy, J. Emmett. (2018). Form–function relationships in a marine foundation species depend on scale: a shoot to global perspective from a distributed ecological experiment. Oikos, 127 (3) , 364-374. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/oik.04270
  • Duffy, J. Emmett ; Godwin, Casey M. ; Cardinale, Bradley J. (2017). Biodiversity effects in the wild are common and as strong as key drivers of productivity. Nature, (549) , 261-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature23886

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