Staff Profile
Photo for Pat Neale


Research Interests

I study the effects of sunlight, especially ultraviolet radiation, on ecosystems and the environment.  I mainly work in freshwater and marine systems focusing on the responses of the smallest organisms in those systems, the plankton.  A long term project has been studying the effects of increased UV-B due to Antarctic ozone depletion on the productivity of the Southern Ocean which surrounds the Antarctic continent.  I also supervise the SI solar-radiation monitoring program which has been measuring UV-B radiation in Maryland since the 1970s compiling one of the longest records of spectral irradiance in the world. 


  • Lesser, Michael P., Neale, Patrick J. and Cullen, John J. (1996). Acclimation of Antarctic phytoplankton to ultraviolet radiation: ultraviolet-absorbing compounds and carbon fixation. Molecular marine biology and biotechnology, 5 (4) , 314-325.
  • Hofmann, D. J., Oltmans, S. J., Koenig, G. L., Bodhaine, B. A., Harris, J. M., Lathrop, J. A., Schnell, R. C., Barnes, J., Chin, J., Kuniyuki, D., Ryan, S., Uchida, R., Yoshinaga, A., Neale, Patrick J., Hayes, Jr D. R., Goodrich, V. R., Komhyr, W. D., Evans, R. D., Johnson, B. J., Quincy, D. M. and Clark, M. (1996). Record low ozone at Mauna Loa Observatory during winter 1994-1995: A consequence of chemical and dynamical synergism?. Geophysical Research Letters, 23 (12) , 1533-1536.
  • Sigleo, Anne C. and Neale, Patrick J. (1995). Phytoplankton pigment profiles at the Weddell-Scotia Confluence during the 1993 austral spring . Antarctic Journal of the United States, 29 , 147-148.
  • Neale, Patrick J. and Priscu, John C. (1995). Photosynthetic apparatus to phytoplankton from a perennially ice-covered Antarctic lake: Acclimation to an extreme shade environment. Plant Cell Physiology, 36 (2) , 253-263.
  • Sikorski, Richard J., Sigleo, Anne C. and Neale, Patrick J. (1995). Spectral measurements of ultraviolet and visible solar irradiance at the Weddell-Scotia Confluence during 1993 austral spring. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 29 , 270-272.
  • Neale, Patrick J. and Spector, Anna M. (1995). Ultraviolet absorbance by diatom populations from the Weddell-Scotia confluence. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 29 , 266-267.
  • Ferreyra, Gustavo A., Schloss, Irene R., Demers, Serge and Neale, Patrick J. (1995). Phytoplankton responses to natural UV irradiance during early spring in the Weddell-Scotia confluence: An experimental approach. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 29 , 268-270.
  • Lesser, Michael P., Cullen, John J. and Neale, Patrick J. (1994). Carbon uptake in a marine diatom during acute exposure to ultraviolet B radiation: Relative importance of damage and repair . Journal of Phycology, 30 , 183-192.
  • Cullen, John J. and Neale, Patrick J. (1994). Ultraviolet radiation, ozone depletion, and marine photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research, 39 , 303-320.
  • Neale, Patrick J., Lesser, Michael P. and Cullen, John J. (1994). Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the photosynthesis of phytoplankton in the vicinity of McMurdo Station, Antarctica. Ultraviolet radiation and biological research in Antarctica (125-142) American Geophysical Union .
  • Karentz, D., Bothwell, M. L., Coffin, R. B., Hanson, A., Herndl, G. J., Kilham, S. S., Lesser, Michael P., Lindell, M., Moeller, R. E., Morris, D. P., Neale, Patrick J., Sanders, R. W., Weiler, C. S. and Wetzel, R. G. (1994). Impact of UVB radiation on pelagic freshwater ecosystems: Report on working group on bacteria and phytoplankton. Archiv für Hydrobiologie: Beiheft Ergebnisse der Limnologie, 43 , 31-69.
  • Cullen, John J., Neale, Patrick J. and Lesser, Michael P. (1992). Biological weighting function for the inhibition of phytoplankton photosynthesis by ultraviolet radiation. Science, 258 , 646-650.
  • Neale, Patrick J., Talling, Jack F., Heaney, S. Ivan, Reynolds, Colin S. and Lund John, W. G. (1991). Long time series from the English Lake District: Irradiance-dependent phytoplankton dynamics during the spring maximum . Limnology and Oceanography, 36 (4) , 751-760.
  • Neale, Patrick J. and Melis, Anastasios. (1991). Dynamics of Photosystem II heterogeneity during photoinhibition: Depletion of PS IIb from non-appressed thylakoids during strong-irradiance exposure of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1056 , 195-203.
  • Neale, Patrick J., Heaney, S. Ivan and Jaworski, George H. M. (1991). Response to high irradiance contribute to the decline of the spring diatom maximum . Limnology and Oceanography, 36 (4) , 761-768.