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Davies-Colley, R.J., W.N. Vant & D.G. Smith. (1993). Colour and Clarity of Natural Waters. Ellis Horwood, New York.
Dennison, W.C., R.J. Orth, K.A. Moore, J.C. Stevenson, V. Carter, S. Kollar, P.W. Bergstrom & R.A. Batiuk. (1993). Assessing water quality with submersed aquatic vegetation. BioScience, 43(2), 86-94.

Gallegos, C.L. (1994). Refining Habitat Requirements of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation: Role of optical models. Estuaries, 17(1B), 187-199.

Gallegos, C.L. & D.L. Correll. (1990). Modeling spectral diffuse attenuation, absorption, and scattering coefficients in turbid estuary. Limnology & Oceanography, 35(7), 1486-1502.

Kirk, J.T.O. (1994). Light & Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems. Second Edition. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Kirk, J.T.O. (1988). Optical water qualtiy-what does it mean and how should we measure it? Journal WPCF, 60(2), 194-197.

Lalli, Carol M. & Timothy R. Parsons. (1993). Biological Oceanography. Pergamon Press, New York.

Photographs of aquatic plants throughout from:
Spenser-Jones, David & Max Wade. (1986). Aquatic Plants. ICI Professional Products, Surrey.
(Used with permission.)
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
647 Contees Wharf Road, P.O. Box 28, Edgewater, MD 21037-0028
Phone: 443-482-2200
Fax: 443-482-2380
Contact: gallegos@serc.si.edu